Can John the Ripper crack any password? The hashing algorithm converts the raw password into a series of characters (hash) that would take a lot of time and resources to decode. This is where John the Ripper comes in. John the Ripper is a free, open-source password cracking and recovery security auditing tool available for most operating systems.
Where is the user password stored? The /etc/passwd file, which contains information about all users, including their encrypted password, is readable by all users, making it possible for any user to get the encrypted password of everyone on the system.
What is password salting? Password salting is a technique to protect passwords stored in databases by adding a string of 32 or more characters and then hashing them. Salting prevents hackers who breach an enterprise environment from reverse-engineering passwords and stealing them from the database.
Can salted passwords be cracked? As you can see from the above example it is possible to crack passwords that use salts. It just takes much longer and requires more processing time. Hashed passwords that use salts are what most modern authentication systems use.