How do I send output to stderr? The regular output is sent to Standard Out (STDOUT) and the error messages are sent to Standard Error (STDERR). When you redirect console output using the > symbol, you are only redirecting STDOUT. In order to redirect STDERR, you have to specify 2> for the redirection symbol.
What is the meaning of 2 >& 1 in Linux? 1 “Standard output” output file descriptor. The expression 2>&1 copies file descriptor 1 to location 2 , so any output written to 2 (“standard error”) in the execution environment goes to the same file originally described by 1 (“standard output”).
What is stderr Linux? Stderr, also known as standard error, is the default file descriptor where a process can write error messages. In Unix-like operating systems, such as Linux, macOS X, and BSD, stderr is defined by the POSIX standard. Its default file descriptor number is 2. In the terminal, standard error defaults to the user’s screen.
How do I redirect stdout and stderr to a file in Linux? Redirecting stdout and stderr to a file:
The I/O streams can be redirected by putting the n> operator in use, where n is the file descriptor number. For redirecting stdout, we use “1>” and for stderr, “2>” is added as an operator. We have created a file named “sample.