How do I show line numbers in grep?

How do I show line numbers in grep? To Display Line Numbers with grep Matches

Append the -n operator to any grep command to show the line numbers. We will search for Phoenix in the current directory, show two lines before and after the matches along with their line numbers.

How do I show line numbers in Linux? 

To activate the line numbering, set the number flag:
  1. Press the Esc key to switch to command mode.
  2. Press : (colon) and the cursor will move at the bottom left corner of the screen. Type set number or set nu and hit Enter . :set number.
  3. Line numbers will be displayed at the left side of the screen:

How do I get line numbers from a file? Using the wc -l command is the most used and also the easiest way to find line numbers of a given file.

How do I grep a line from a file? The grep command searches through the file, looking for matches to the pattern specified. To use it type grep , then the pattern we’re searching for and finally the name of the file (or files) we’re searching in. The output is the three lines in the file that contain the letters ‘not’.

How do I show line numbers in grep? – Additional Questions

How do you get a specific line from a file Linux?

Using the head and tail commands, we can easily get the first and last parts of a file.
  1. First, we get line 1 to X using the head command: head -n X input.
  2. Then, we pipe the result from the first step to the tail command to get the last line: head -n X input | tail -1.

How do I grep exact string in Linux?

The easiest of the two commands is to use grep’s -w option. This will find only lines that contain your target word as a complete word. Run the command “grep -w hub” against your target file and you will only see lines that contain the word “hub” as a complete word.

How do you grep a line after a match?

You can use grep with -A n option to print N lines after matching lines. Using -B n option you can print N lines before matching lines. Using -C n option you can print N lines before and after matching lines.

How do you grep the nth line after a match?

To get the n-th line after each match, we can first use grep -An to find each block with n+1 lines. Next, instead of piping it to grep -v, we pipe it to a command that can print every (n+1)-th line. As the output above shows, we’ve got the 3rd line after each “Performance: BAD” line.

How do I grep two lines in a file?

How do I grep for multiple patterns?
  1. Use single quotes in the pattern: grep ‘pattern*’ file1 file2.
  2. Next use extended regular expressions: egrep ‘pattern1|pattern2’ *. py.
  3. Finally, try on older Unix shells/oses: grep -e pattern1 -e pattern2 *. pl.
  4. Another option to grep two strings: grep ‘word1|word2’ input.

How do you grep 5 lines before and after?

You can use option -A (after) and -B (before) in your grep command. Try grep -nri -A 5 -B 5 .

How do you grep the next 4 lines?

To also show you the lines before your matches, you can add -B to your grep. The -B 4 tells grep to also show the 4 lines before the match. Alternatively, to show the log lines that match after the keyword, use the -A parameter. In this example, it will tell grep to also show the 2 lines after the match.

How do you grep one line below?

grep’s -A 1 option will give you one line after; -B 1 will give you one line before; and -C 1 combines both to give you one line both before and after, -1 does the same.

What does grep V do?

2 Answers. grep -v “grep” takes input line by line, and outputs only the lines in which grep does not appear. Without -v , it would output only the lines in which grep does appear.

How do I grep a log?

For searching files, the command syntax you use is grep [options] [pattern] [file] , where “pattern” is what you want to search for. For example, to search for the word “error” in the log file, you would enter grep ‘error’ junglediskserver. log , and all lines that contain”error” will output to the screen.

What is the output of grep?

grep searches one or more input files for lines that match a given pattern and writes each matching line to standard output. If no files are specified, grep reads from the standard input, which is usually the output of another command.

What is grep F?

Matching a list of expressions. If you have a separate file of text patterns, the -f option lets you specify that file. The grep will consider each line in that file as a pattern to match against the target file.

What are grep options?

grep -HhrilLnqvsoweFEABCz PATTERN FILE
grep / Syntax

What is grep W?

Checking for the whole words in a file : By default, grep matches the given string/pattern even if it is found as a substring in a file. The -w option to grep makes it match only the whole words.

What is grep command with example?

Grep command in Unix/Linux is the short form of ‘global search for the regular expression’. The grep command is a filter that is used to search for lines matching a specified pattern and print the matching lines to standard output.

How do you grep a string?

To find a pattern that is more than one word long, enclose the string with single or double quotation marks. The grep command can search for a string in groups of files. When it finds a pattern that matches in more than one file, it prints the name of the file, followed by a colon, then the line matching the pattern.

How is grep used in Linux?

You use the grep command within a Linux or Unix-based system to perform text searches for a defined criteria of words or strings. grep stands for Globally search for a Regular Expression and Print it out.