How do I start NFS daemon on Linux?

How do I start NFS daemon on Linux? 

  1. Install the required nfs-utils package if it was not already installed by default.
  2. Start the NFS services by issuing the following commands: systemctl start rpcbind systemctl start nfs-server.
  3. Enable the NFS services by issuing the following command: systemctl enable nfs-server.

What are the daemons required for NFS? 

NFS Daemons
  • automountd Daemon.
  • lockd Daemon.
  • mountd Daemon.
  • nfs4cbd Daemon.
  • nfsd Daemon.
  • nfslogd Daemon.
  • nfsmapid Daemon.
  • statd Daemon.

What is NFS path in Linux? NFS (Network File System) is basically developed for sharing of files and folders between Linux/Unix systems by Sun Microsystems in 1980. It allows you to mount your local file systems over a network and remote hosts to interact with them as they are mounted locally on the same system.

How run NFS in Linux? 

Install the NFS Client on the Client Systems
  1. Step 1: Install the NFS-Common Package. As is the norm, begin by updating the system packages and repositories before anything else.
  2. Step 2: Create an NFS Mount Point on Client.
  3. Step 3: Mount NFS Share on Client System.
  4. Step 4: Testing the NFS Share on Client System.

How do I start NFS daemon on Linux? – Additional Questions

How does NFS work?

How does NFS work? To access data stored on another machine (i.e. a server) the server would implement NFS daemon processes to make data available to clients. The server administrator determines what to make available and ensures it can recognize validated clients.

How do I know if NFS is running?

To verify that NFS is running on each computer:
  1. AIX® operating systems: Type the following command on each computer: lssrc -g nfs The Status field for NFS processes should indicate active .
  2. Linux® operating systems: Type the following command on each computer: showmount -e hostname.

How check NFS mount Linux?

Use the showmount command to display the remote NFS server mount information. If you omit the options, the default option displays hostnames of all remote mounts from the hostname NFS server. If you omit the hostname parameter, then the local hostname is used.

How do I view NFS Shares in Linux?

Show NFS shares on NFS Server
  1. Use showmount to show NFS shares.
  2. Use exportfs to show NFS shares.
  3. Use master export file /var/lib/nfs/etab to show NFS shares.
  4. Use mount to list NFS mount points.
  5. Use nfsstat to list NFS mount points.
  6. Use /proc/mounts to list NFS mount points.

How do I use Showmount in Linux?

The showmount command displays a list of all clients that have remotely mounted a file system from a specified machine in the Host parameter. This information is maintained by the mountd daemon on the Host parameter. This information is saved in the /etc/rmtab file in case the server crashes.

How do I start NFS service in RHEL 6?

Note. If NFS is set to start at boot, ensure that nfslock also starts by running chkconfig –list nfslock . If nfslock is not set to on , this implies that you will need to manually run the service nfslock start each time the computer starts. To set nfslock to automatically start on boot, use chkconfig nfslock on .

What port is NFS?

NFS uses port 2049. NFSv3 and NFSv2 use the portmapper service on TCP or UDP port 111. The portmapper service is consulted to get the port numbers for services used with NFSv3 or NFSv2 protocols such as mountd, statd, and nlm.

How do I start NFS kernel server?

Setting up the host server
  1. Step 1: Install NFS Kernel Server.
  2. Step 2: Create the Export Directory.
  3. Step 3: Assign server access to client(s) through NFS export file.
  4. Step 4: Export the shared directory.
  5. Step 5: Open firewall for the client (s)

How do I restart my NFS kernel server?

If you’re using nano , you can do this by pressing CTRL + X then Y and ENTER . Then, to make the shares available to the clients that you configured, restart the NFS server with the following command: sudo systemctl restart nfs-kernel-server.

What is NFS kernel server?

The NFS kernel server is currently the recommended NFS server for use with Linux, featuring features such as NFSv3 and NFSv4, Kerberos support via GSS, and much more. It is also significantly faster and usually more reliable than the user-space NFS servers (from the unfs3 and nfs-user-server packages).

How do I find my NFS server IP?

Steps. Next, run ‘netstat -an | grep 2049’ to display a list of NFS connections. Look for the connection that matches one of the NFS server IP from nfslookup. This is the NFS server IP that the client is using and will be the IP you need to use for tracing if necessary.

How install NFS server?

Create an NFS server on Oracle Linux
  1. Introduction.
  2. Install the NFS Utilities Package on the Server Instance.
  3. Create an NFS Share.
  4. Start the NFS Server.
  5. Add Another Share.
  6. Install the NFS Utilities Package on the Client Instance.
  7. Mount the NFS Share.
  8. Root Squashing.

What are the advantages of NFS?

NFS advantages

Low-cost solution for network file sharing. Easy to set up, uses existing IP infrastructure. Enables central management of shared files. Reduces disk space requirements for individual users (due to the reduced need to store software or other files locally).


All versions of NFS can use Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) running over an IP network, with NFSv4 requiring it. NFSv2 and NFSv3 can use the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) running over an IP network to provide a stateless network connection between the client and server.

Where are NFS logs?

OneFS writes log messages associated with NFS events to a set of files in /var/log. With the log level option, you can now specify the detail at which log messages are output to log files.

How do I debug NFS problems?

Enable debugging – Examples
  1. Enable all NFS (client-side) debugging. To enable NFS debugging on the client : # rpcdebug -m nfs -s all.
  2. Enable NFSD (server-side) lockd debugging. To enable server side nfsd lockd debugging: # rpcdebug -m nfsd -s lockd.
  3. Enable RPC Call debugging.

How do I check NFS mount connectivity?

How to Check Connectivity on an NFS Client
  1. On the client, check that the NFS server is reachable.
  2. If the server is not reachable from the client, ensure that the local name service is running on the client.
  3. If the name service is running, ensure that the client has received the correct host information.